Common Causes Of Skin Rashes In Children: What Are They?

Skin rashes have become common in children of different age groups. Nearly all skin rashes are linked with bacterial and viral causes. While some skin rashes are temporary and do not require extensive care, some skin rashes might have a negative impact in the future.

9 Common Causes Of Skin Rashes In Children


It is essential for parents and adults to know different types of skin rashes and common causes that are associated with the medical problem. In this article, we will list all the common causes of skin rashes in children, along with their prevention and treatment.

Common Causes Of Skin Rashes In Children


Chickenpox is one of the dangerous and contagious diseases that last about two weeks. Some of the common symptoms of chickenpox include an itchy rash at different body parts such as the scalp, chest, back, and more. Fever, sore throat, and red eyes are also some of the visible symptoms of chickenpox. Even though chickenpox is a serious disease, the occurrence of the medical problem is rare in healthy children. To prevent chickenpox, a safe and effective vaccine is available for children aged above one. However, if the child suffers from chickenpox, it is advised that you should start the medications under medical supervision and keep the child in isolation for a period of two weeks.

Scarlet Fever (Scarlatina)

Scarlet fever is caused by streptococcal bacteria, and it is commonly found in school-going children. The symptoms of scarlet fever begin with sore throat, fever, and headache. The child also develops rashes on the body that looks like sunburn. Also, the skin around the face becomes pale. Usually, scarlet fever is treated by antibiotics that go for a long period. If the fever persists for a long period, it is advised that parents must seek professional assistance to avoid any future complications.


Eczema is one of the common skin rashes that are found in children. Depending upon the severity of the skin rashes, it can be controlled with wet dressings or medications. To prevent eczema, parents and adults must ensure that children do not use harsh soaps, polyester clothing, bubble baths, and more. In some cases, eczema is also caused by a secondary skin infection that can be treated by appropriate medications and treatment.

Lip Licker’s Dermatitis

Dry skin and rashes are mostly lined with winter season arrivals. There are many cases where the kids get red and dry skin around their mouths. The skin infection is known as lip licker’s dermatitis. Some children even get dry arms and legs because of skin rashes. The most effective way to treat lip licker’s dermatitis is moisturizers. Various moisturizers help to break the irritation and lip licking, which leads to faster recovery. Parents and adults must also note that lip licker’s dermatitis is different from perioral dermatitis that is usually found in adults.

Fifth Disease

Fifth disease is one of the medical problems that is caused by parvovirus B19. The infection is spread by respiratory inhalations. Even though the fifth disease is common in spring and winter, it can happen anytime in the year. If your child has a fifth disease, the early stage symptoms will include body tiredness and rash. In a span of two days, a lacy rash will spread across the body, and it will become more visible after a warm bath. Generally, the fifth disease does not show a serious negative impact if your children are healthy and active. However, if your child has leukemia, AIDS, or any other serious health problem, the medical problem is curable with simple medications and hygiene standards. In some cases, the fifth diseases also cause implications in the unborn fetus of pregnant women.


Measles has been one of the oldest medical problems that have been affecting various children around the globe. The disease is caused by a paramyxovirus. However, the vaccine is available to prevent the disease. If your child suffers from measles disease, there are some symptoms that you must check every day. If the child gets red eyes, cough, and rashes consisting of white spots in the mouth, you must not delay treatment and consult a medical expert. Since there are no prescribed medications available, medications are usually given for cough and fever symptoms. It is also advised that children suffering from measles should not be given aspirin products as it can lead to various other health issues.


The skin rash in children is also caused by impetigo. In case you have not heard about the disease, impetigo is a skin infection which is caused by streptococcal bacteria. The disease can easily be identified in the early stages as children will develop red and open patches of skin. The Treatment of Impetigo is simple and pain-free. Doctors usually prescribe oral antibiotics and antibacterial soap to cure a skin infection. Anti-itchy medications are also prescribed in case of extreme itchiness. It is advised that children must be isolated in the first three days because the disease is highly contagious. Once the symptoms start to fade away after five days, children can move out with precautions and hygiene. 


Ringworm is a fungal skin infection that leaves red patches on the skin. The area where fungal bacteria are active becomes active, and it starts to itch after some period. If you see any oval-shaped red patch over your children, you must consult the doctor and take necessary precautions. Oral medications, good hygiene, and appropriate therapy helps in curing ringworm 

Infantile Acne

Infantile acne is a disease that is common in male babies. Usually, the disorder fades away after some period. However, parents should consult the doctor to avoid any future implications. The common symptoms of infantile acne include blotchy red rashes. The medical disorder also does not require any specific medications as it does not spread to other people.


Skin Rashes Can be Caused by Various Factors. While some rashes go with time and do not require treatment, some rashes need proper medications and care. It is advised that parents must look for all the unusual symptoms to diagnose any chances of skin rashes and infections.

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