What Is Conjunctiva? How Can It Be Diagnosed?

Conjunctiva is also known as pink eye. It irritates the white part of the eyeball, and the inside part of the yes gets inflamed. This inflammation makes the blood vessels more apparent, and it can impact the sclera of the eyes. This condition of the eye will change the color into pink and reddish.

What Is Conjunctiva?


Conjunctiva is the thinner layer of cells covering the front part of eye muscles. However, the leading reasons behind pink eye or Conjunctivitis include viruses, bacteria, irritants, allergens that will create itching and infect the eyes and lining. But due to its signs or symptoms, it is also challenging to discover the reason for Conjunctiva pink eye.

What Is Conjunctiva How Can It Be Diagnosed

Causes of Conjunctiva

There are various causes of Conjunctiva, and ophthalmologist is experienced in searching for them. If you have any symptoms of Conjunctiva, then you should visit the doctor.

  1. Bacterial Infections

Bacterial Conjunctiva is common in older people, and staphylococcus and streptococcus bacteria occur. Similar to viral, bacterial Conjunctiva is also dangerous. Some of the symptoms of bacterial Conjunctiva are mild and treated quickly, but sometimes the situation can be critical and can damage even your eyes.

For example, the gonococcal Conjunctiva is caused due to some bacterial that leads to sexually transmitted diseases. These bacteria can damage the cornea – it is the clear surface of the front eyes. The symptoms are discomfort, red-eye, itching, yellow discharge, and many others. Due to bacterial Conjunctiva in the morning, it is difficult to open the eyes because of the sticky buildup of release on the eyelids. If this bacterial Conjunctiva is not caring immediately, you can lose vision.

  1. Eye Irritants

If you contact smoke, chemical fumes, and other irritants, then you develop a kind of Conjunctiva that is not transmissible. Commonly the eye irritants include secondhand cigarette smoke, burning stove, chlorine, and smoke from a fireplace. 

However, the symptoms of eye irritants are redness, pain, tears, and eyes burning. If any toxic and harsh chemicals can come in contact with your eyes, they can cause multiple injuries, and it needs immediate medical care that prevents further complications. Due to this, people may damage the epithelium, the layer of cells that protects the cornea.

  1. Viruses 

Viruses that cause colds are also the common reason for Conjunctiva. Like other mucus membranes like the nose and ears, the Conjunctiva is also dangerous to infectious agents. The virus is spreading quickly, and if it occurs in your first eye, it is spread rapidly in the other sight. 

The condition due to this virus may remain challenging for two weeks, but it will disappear within a few days or two weeks. The symptoms are red eye, itchiness, water discharge. While wakening up in the morning, many people discover that their eyelids are stuck together, and vision becomes blurry. 

  1. Allergies

Allergies Conjunctiva is not transmissible, but it has an inflammatory reaction to specific allergens like pollen, dust, pet dander, and mold when it occurs. When you contact allergens, the body will discharge a histamine chemical that causes redness, itching, and tearing in the eyes. 

Many of those allergens occur only at certain times of the year or in particular environments. Other allergens, including cigarette smoke and pet dander, can worsen your eyes year-round, and symptoms of allergy-related Conjunctivitis consist of extreme itchiness and string-like, mucus, precise, or white discharge. 

Symptoms of Conjunctiva

The symptoms include:

  • Flow of tears
  • Itchy eyes
  • Blurred vision
  • Swollen eyelids
  • Redness in the white eye area or inner eyelid
  • Increased sensitivity to light
  • Yellow discharge from the eyes

How Is Conjunctiva Diagnosed?

Firstly the ophthalmologist or paediatrician will check the eyes; then, there is a test called acuity conducted to match whether the vision is affected or not. The treatment of pink eye relies on the cause and health history of the patient. Due to Conjunctiva always occur red eyes, swelling but some symptoms can vary and depend on the grounds. 

 After identifying the reason for Conjunctiva, the doctor can diagnose it. But sometimes, it is difficult to make a firm diagnosis because sometimes symptoms are common. Therefore it is even more difficult for the doctor to determine the cause without any previous test. 

But the definitive diagnosis of Conjunctiva is like if there is bacterial Conjunctiva, then it needs antibiotics; in viral Conjunctiva, it needs eye drops or ointments to relieve symptoms. While in allergy Conjunctiva the doctor suggests avoiding contact with allergens and prescribed medications to manage inflammation and itchiness. 

Can Pinkeye Be Prevented? 

An infectious Conjunctiva is highly transmissible so get habitant to wash hands well with warm water and soap. The patients should not share any eye drops, tissues, towels, and pillowcases with others. After touching your eyes, wash your hands and instantly throw the cotton balls you have used. 

Also, don’t mix the towels and other accessories with other people’s laundry to avoid contamination. If you suffer from allergic Conjunctiva, keep the doors and windows closed for a few days because the pollen is heavy, and dust can increase the allergy. 

Can Conjunctiva be prevented at Own without Any treatment?

However, if you have mild symptoms, it does not require any treatment, and it is clear on its own within a few days or in 14 days. The pink eye caused due to virus does not require treatment unless caused by the herpes simplex virus or sexually transmitted diseases. In that situation, antiviral medicines are prescribed. Antibiotics will reduce the time of the symptoms and the amount of time you are contagious.  


Conjunctiva is a severe condition that causes pain, but the proper medications can cure this inflammation. But worry, not a pink eye is preventable. If it is not that severe, it can heal on its own without any treatment. The treatment of bacterial or viral pink eye can reduce time if the symptoms are not harsh. 

But for healing, you can try applying a cool compress to relieve discomfort. Also, you should follow all the necessary precautions from spreading it to others and getting repeat cases of it. Get the proper treatment from the doctors if you think that you are at risk. 

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